The Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology started functioning from the day MCI granted permission for a Govt Medical College in Ambikapur. The department is situated at the Ground Floor and Second floor of the College Building. There are four faculty rooms (one each for Professor, Associate Professor, Assistant Professor and demonstrators), and two demonstration rooms with a capacity for 50 students each, a library-cum-seminar room with accommodation of 30 sq. mt. area, containing several books and journals of Forensic Medicine. The department has a student’s laboratory for examination of specimens, tests, Forensic histopathology, Serology, Anthropology and Toxicology and one preparation room. The main attraction of this department is its museum which houses different types of weapons including prototype firearms displayed, different poisons arranged system-wise, laminated wall hanging charts, skeletons and bones of different ages, photographs, mounted specimens, with catalogues
Medicolegal postmortem work was being done in the district hospital attached to this medical college. At present, apart from routine medico-legal works, department is engaged in multifarious activities of teaching, training and research. It is involved in medico-legal postmortems, Clinical Forensic medicine Services & court related works. Department is providing expert opinions in referred cases from courts, National Human Rights Commission, Crime Branch, Surguja Police and Investigating agencies from other states. The department is actively involved in answering the public interest litigations, questions from Rajyasabha and state vidhansabha. The department is developing various laboratory services like Forensic histopathology laboratory, Toxicology laboratory and Molecular laboratory for chromosomal studies.
Dr M Rajeev Varma has taken the charge as Head of Department since December 2017 and along with the staff has been working tirelessly in developing the department. The long term plan is to develop Cadaveric Training Centre, Cadaver organ/tissue retrieval and processing Centre, Forensic Molecular Biology unit, One stop crisis center for survivors of Sexual assault and Therapeutic transplantation Centre from brain dead in future. Clinical toxicology and antidote banking for treatment of poisoning cases is also being envisaged.
The department has succeeded in developing the museum with wet specimens, dry bones, weapons, fire arms, bullets, photographs, poisons for undergraduate medical education. The department is developing forensic laboratory with state of art facilities and cutting-edge technology. An autopsy block with advanced modernized setup is being planned and necessary plan approvals has been procured by the department. The department is providing expert opinions in select cases.
Publications and Research:
The department is actively involved in research. Presently the department has invited the medical students for participation in ICMR essay writing competition with an overwhelming response from undergraduate medical students. The department plans for ICMR-STS projects for the year 2019. All the undergraduate medical students will be invited to participate and learn research with a hands-on experience.
Published Original Research
- Helping the Identification of Refugee Shipwreck Victims in The Strait of Sicily: AnAim Indel Reference Database for The Tigray Population (P). Forensic scienceInternational. (http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fsigss.2017.09.017)
- Lightning Deaths in Tigray Region, Northern Ethiopia. J Punjab Acad Forensic Med Toxicol 2018;18(1) ISSN : 0972-5687 DOI: 10.5958/0974-083X.2018.00003.1
Ongoing research pending for publication:
- Y-STR analysis of vaginal swabs in cases of alleged sexual assault with no detectedspermatozoa on clinico-pathological examination.
- Innocent offenders- a study of sexual assault cases filed against alleged accused forhaving involved in a consensual sexual intercourse with minor girls.
- Estimation of sex from the metric assessment of metacarpals on digital handradiographs.
- Estimation of Stature of an Individual from AnthropometricMeasurements of Handand Foot- A validation study
- Estimation of stature of an individual from hand.
- Estimation of stature of an individual from Teeth radiographs.
- Odontometric sex assessment.
- Study of ossification centers of Elbow, Wrist and Hand for estimating the age of anindividual.
- Study of pattern of homicides.
- Sudden death due Acute lung injury in a case of haemorrhagic pancreatitis
- Acute myocardial infarction in a case of hemorrhagic pancreatitis
- Study of gastrointestinal complications in cases of cervical spinal cord injury
The department plans to run a teaching programme for casualty medical officers and medical officers posted in different parts of Surguja district regarding medico legal work.The department plans to develop Forensic Anthropology laboratory. It will be well-equipped as per international standards and will act as quality training centre and provide mentor facility for whole country.The department plans to have Continuing Medical Education (CME) Programmes by inviting experts in the field of Forensic Medicine.The department also aims in developing first of its kind Clinical Forensic medicine unit (CFMU) for the state of Chhattisgarh.